The critics of Charles I were posed with a problem.
How do you oppose a man appointed by God to be your Monarch, who rules by Divine Right and who is also the Head of the State Church?
You say that he is being poorly advised and that, if only he had better advisers, perhaps people like his critics then he would surely rule more wisely.
Of course, Charles, appointed by God, had appointed his own advisers.
It all ended rather badly, firstly for Thomas Wentworth, Charles I’s senior adviser, whom he made First Earl of Strafford in 1640.
To cut a long story, short, Parliament sought to improve the quality of advice that the King was receiving by seeking to impeach Strafford for high crimes and misdemeanours.
When that look liked failing, Parliament passed an Act of Attainment and Strafford might have kept his head, but for the King considering means by which he might influence the leaders of the Parliament over the matter of Strafford’s punishment whilst hatching a plot to rescue him by force from the Tower of London.
Still, Strafford had served Charles with what the King felt was a high degree of loyalty, and Charles had a serious problem with signing Strafford’s death warrant as a matter of conscience, especially as he had explicitly promised Stafford that, no matter what happened, he would not die. However, to refuse the will of the Parliament on this matter could seriously threaten the monarchy.
After a bit of dithering by the King, the warrant was signed and Strafford was executed on 12th May 1641.
At least Cummings got to safely and dramatically exit Number Ten carrying a stage prop for the cameras of the world’s media.
King Charles I and his critics never found a compromise over the issue of good government of the realm.
After the English Civil War (one of a number in the first half of the 17th Century that was neither Civil nor wholly English and killed a much larger proportion of the population than died during World War One) had ended, the King and Parliament still found themselves at odds.
Charles I, for the want of good advice, was executed on 30th January 1649.